How does EMDR work?
EMDR’s main mechanism of action is bilateral hemisphere stimulation.
It is believed that “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing” (EMDR) acts directly on the neuron paths in the brain essential for healing. EMDR’s main mechanism of action is bilateral hemisphere stimulation, the alternating stimulation of the brain’s right and left hemispheres. This can be done by tactile stimuli such as brief touches, acoustic signals, or even rapid eye movements. The theory states that the bilateral stimulation, the primary intervention offered in EMDR, results in synchronous interaction of both hemispheres of the brain to improve the brain’s processing of traumatic experiences. And, similar to the REM phase of nightly sleep, EMDR activates the brain’s power to heal itself by optimizing how the two halves of the brain work together. Traumas can thus frequently be processed better. The memories of traumatic experiences and any associated physical ailments tend to abate with EMDR, while positive thoughts start flowing on emotional level.
Treatment with bilateral stimulation currently has a number of uses, including recovery from trauma, addressing phobias and other fears, and supporting mourning. The last two applications reflect the increasing use of EMDR in coaching. The assumption that EMDR dissolves blockages in the brain and can help integrate incorrectly stored information has been established.